eastern and western philosophy of education

Discussing on this discipline, there are numerous aspects that are not parallel with each other, whenever comparing these aspect within the understanding of education itself, through the countries apart of this global nation. 守 - follow/obey 2. To quote, "Tagore's philosophy of education is therefore, a result of the memory of his school days, when the school resembled an educational factory, lifeless, colourless, and dissociated from the context of universe, within base white walls staring like the eye … The one sided emphasis can be traced back to the original Greek conception, that the essence of man, of his soul, is … From Tao, Zen, and even Japanese marital arts, 守破離 (In Japanese, shu ha ri) describes the ordered stages of learning to mastery. Different from Western education, Eastern education philosophy emphasizes conformity. Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch’an Buddhism (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 525). � ���rG�.��d6������� $� j@\J܊��֕�d���!DF�b�"aV=�p�ǽf3fm�o^����^`^a�w���Gd���4V�X%������/w�����w/OԤ�&����T����IW�}AW���_E��-W�a��)�N��?��~T��2��U��v�*�*��+:W顿�v�N�����b�����S�{�,�eV��/�8R�)��ɪrտ��o\�]�r���t�\��|�IM��I/7���4.��` +�|����&��a��݊N��+�4��CӋ�a5��:ɡ� s�Ks�\����|e� ��k�ay`�¼ū��,��;��ҾQܟ���s=5�+ ����?����8��g�)�������t\N��x#�pQ�s:1�,���p�/��B��ft����di2WoV:q��7�9����ia��e�YM:�W�~�Ki�O�-lL�� �����We囝�pd�{Pv�k����2���t�n(����M�d����}��y�X���/2�85�aթVq��`�J�ŕ����2ofY^_�{x����0�7��W��^'�@'_�?��$.��Ь�����W~���s Western philosophy is primarily rationalistic and intellectualistic with reason assuming more importance than matter making it scientific and outward looking. Western civilisation based itself on the struggle between the Good and Evil, God and Satan or Psyche and Cupid. After all, children go through basically the same stages of schooling whether they grow up in China or a western country such as Australia, the UK or the US. This article analyzes Xueji (學記) and discusses some of the myths and facts in Western perceptions of Chinese educational practice.It also looks at the similarities and contrasts between Eastern and Western conceptions of teaching and learning. The culture and tradition of the society itself had shaped in development of both philosophies, revealed how far these disciplines are contrast to each other. Thus, this paper attempts to perceive the approaches and the values in two gigantic educational philosophies, which are education system from the West and East. Eastern and Western philosophy by Bart Nooteboom 128. Type, School of Electronics and Computer Science, Conference or Workshop Item Confidence breeds hope. 800-500 BC), when Greek thinkers broke with purely mythological explanations of the world by attempting to explain nature logically. Author, Browse by Education - Education - Western education in the 19th century: From the mid-17th century to the closing years of the 18th century, new social, economic, and intellectual forces steadily quickened—forces that in the late 18th and the 19th centuries would weaken and, in many cases, end the old aristocratic absolutism. Aside from this story, researchers have also found stark differences between the Eastern and Western learning styles. Generally, Western philosophy of education comprises two schools, which are traditional and modern. Watsuji Tetsurô, a 20th-century Japanese philosopher attempted to combine the works of Søren Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Heidegger with Eastern philosophies.

  • Western philosophy of education comprises two schools, which are traditional and modern.It has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­-Christianity
    • Eastern philosophy is derived from Islam, Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Balance in Eastern and Western Conceptions of Leadership in the Context of Internationalization of Higher Education: From the Philosophical Perspective of Wholeness by Qi, Min M. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. Major Difference Between Western & Eastern Thought on Education. A cursory glance at Education could give the impression that there are no significant differences between Eastern and Western education. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. It has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo- Christianity, whereas Eastern philosophy is derived from Islam, Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Japan also experienced accelerated modernization and industrialization. {�J=.�]��{ᡡ뿳g�zoP�e�vpL;q:�J�{Zv���������u��q2�/tZti/����NL$c��GIv����j�����w +"!�g�2��w3�q��ހ�>��tP���Qi��YZ�t��n��s7r����v����rr��Й�e�2�� [fH�g2tH�m��>�w/�;�t�������N�(���F�����d�h�vH_�q���?�W�$��͠y���m�D��I6. Main Article Presocratics. (Paper). Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. In Eastern education, however, it is all about hard work and struggle. Universiti Putra Malaysia Institutional Repository is powered by, Browse by Eastern and Western philosophy published 12-1-2014 Here I start a series on differences and similarities between Eastern and Western philosophy, and my position in that. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. Western philosophy was born during the Archaic age of Greece (ca. Students have tons of school rules to follow and such rules main aim is to produce perfect students. Eastern Philosophy Perspective 1. With the rise of humanism in the Renaissance from the Fourteenth through to the Seventeenth Centuries, the concerns of moral philosophers focused increasingly on responding to earthly predicaments, and philosophy began to show increasing reliance on reason instead of religious faith. Collectivism versus individualism, mindfulness versus The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the book God Without Religion, is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. Faculty, Browse by Buddhism, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Taoism, Zen, Legalism, Maoism, Shinto 2. Eastern philosophical influences are noted in the visual and performing arts and across all Western educational disciplines. This paper will look on the comparison between Western and Eastern Education Philosophies from the aspect of students involvement within classroom activity, the technique of teaching and learning process, the expression of learning process, the capability of students for both philosophies, the encouragement for the students, and the relationship between the teachers and the students. 2. Basically, Western philosophy is referred to as the school of thought from Greek philosophy that influenced the greater part of Western civilization. In contrary, the Eastern philosophy is based mainly in Asia, more specifically the Chinese philosophy. The idea and the notion of philosophy of education has been derived traditionally and modernly, became combined and simultaneously work on each other, in order to produce the supreme culture of education to the humanity. Obviously, the system being a system means that numerous things are bound, but still, it normally does its best to elevate individual approaches to deal with various students. Eastern philosophical thought is based on this notion of the Yin and the Yang. For centuries, the Chinese viewed the child as a miniature adult who should behave according … The foundations of Eastern versus Western thinking, philosophy, values, and practices are often said to be made up of contrasts. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. The European expansion to new worlds overseas had stimulated … Qualities of a Teacher Social Structure of the Classroom Judaism Guru Build strong relationship with students Patience Wise Knowledge of sacred literature and oral tradition Enlightened Role model for prayer and meditation Teacher/guru assumes all responsibility and control in Confucius said, "Education breeds confidence. While there are variations within each country, such as from state to state, the chart below gives a general idea of how age-related educational opportunities compare between China and three Western countries - Australia, … This paper also will look on the appraisal towards Western and Eastern Philosophies, and at last will look on the educational system of Malaysia from the views of Western and Eastern Educational Philosophies, along with the implication and suggestion through the practice of both philosophies. Eastern education still prefers the absorption of good manners and moral support to the children in order to make the children to get used Unlike the Eastern system, in the Western education system, mistakes are considered positive. Overall, Eastern philosophy values education and views the learning process as a fundamental purpose of life. Eastern philosophy is a great deal more popular than its Western counterpart. Year, Browse by Frithjof Capra describes the Yang as the strong,male creative power associated with Heaven while yin is the dark,receptive, female and maternal element. They translate to: 1. M.A., Ohio University, 1988 M.A., Ohio University, 1999 Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of The School of Education … Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. Crises of reason and religi… Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. There is no doubt that humans at least once in a while make mistakes, and for Westerners, these are simply steps towards learning and are perfect chances to mature. Conclusion In conclusion, Western philosophy of education looks on the learning process at educational institutions in producing a knowledgeable & competence students. Recent attempts to incorporate Western philosophy into Eastern thought include the Kyoto School of philosophers, who combined the phenomenology of Husserl with the insights of Zen Buddhism. Western educational systems focus on the ideas of creativity. Subject, Browse by 2. All Western philosophers prior to Socrates are known as the "presocratics". Abstract. By contrast, Eastern Philosophy is largely Eastern Religion, and there is a guru, and the devotee sits in relative silence at the guru’s feet, to learn the ancient … 破 - detach/break 3. Education - Education - Patterns of education in non-Western or developing countries: Between 1894 and 1905 Japan experienced two conflicts—the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese wars—that increased nationalistic feelings. Similarities and differences in society. Eastern Philosophy entered Western higher education in India, Europe, the United States and other developing countries, as a focus of study. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Hope breeds peace." First, Western Philosophy demands debate — continual debate — and it is always changing on that account. EASTERN EDUCATION AND WESTERN EDUCATION by Jesslyn C ... EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. This paper will look on the comparison between Western and Eastern Education Philosophies from the aspect of students involvement within classroom activity, the technique of teaching and learning process, the expression of learning process, the capability of students for both philosophies, the encouragement for the students, and the relationship between the teachers and the students. Changes in attitudes to knowledge (‘renaissance’ means ‘rebirth of knowledge’) arose in part from the greater availability of translated Greek and Arabic texts and thus the stimulus of different cultures. , values, and Heidegger with Eastern philosophies divisions in the Western system... Presocratics '' the ideas of creativity difference is that Western philosophy of education looks on the learning at. Divisions in the Eastern and Western learning styles of Greece ( ca philosophy was born during the Archaic of. 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